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Trident University International Building Blocks of The Healthcare System Response

Trident University International Building Blocks of The Healthcare System Response

Question Description

Discussion Requirements

A substantive comment should be approximately 300 words or more for the response.

Read the initial comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Before writing your comments:

  • Review the Discussion grading rubric to see what is expected for an excellent discussion, in order to earn full credit.
  • Review some resources to help you synthesize, such as the following:

Sullivan, J. (2011). Strategies for Synthesis Writing. Retrieved from http://www.findingdulcinea.com/features/edu/Strategies-for-Synthesis-Writing.html

NOTE: You are required to cite sources and include a reference list for the second post if it is simply your opinion. However, if your opinion is based on facts (as it should be), it is good practice to strengthen your position by citing sources.

Be sure to meet all of the criteria in the rubric, as noted in the instructions above.

Third post for each module discussion:

Read the initial and secondary comments posted by your classmates and reflect upon them.

Directly respond to at least one classmate in a way that extends meaningful discussions, adds new information, and/or offers alternative perspectives.

MY DISCUSSION (DO NOT RESPOND TO THIS POST PLEASE)

Classmates and Professor,

Public Health, Cultural Competence and Emergency Response

Cultural competency is a critical aspect in public health that is anchored on an effective emergency response plan. To address the cultural, racial, and dietary requirements based on cultural practices, the Emergency Response Plan is critical. One of the provisions should be anchored on strategies to respond to the diversified people’s mental needs in the event of an emergency such as death, a terrorist attack or any natural calamity. For example, the Boston Marathon bombings left many injured people, responders, and others with short and long term mental health needs” (Beinecke, 2017). Therefore, an efficient strategy of responding to the psychological needs of those affected by the disaster is such a noble course in the great field of medicine. Natural calamities have devastating effects on the victims. Even though some heal within the required time frame, others struggle with long term psychological disorders such as hearing complications, depression and the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Beinecke, 2017). Professional counselling is a critical component to be embedded in the Emergency Response Plan. It is vital to seek professional services of individuals and community-based organizations that will provide psychosocial support services in an emergency.

Another provision to be included in the ERP is the candid role of applied epidemiology in the event of a disaster. Malilay et al. (2014) opine that “disasters are complex situations in which the consequences of the event are beyond the capability of an affected jurisdiction to respond effectively”. Disasters can be natural or induced. An indomitable response plan that deals with the immediate effects of the diversified population’s catastrophe are highly recommended. For example, the ERP should have means of meeting the mass injuries, treating acute illness and how the environment should be restored if there is a disruption of water events and people are exposed to toxic spills.

It is a must to have cultural competency training in Bordentown City (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services O.M.H., 2021). It is a highly diversified city with people from different political, religious, economic and social backgrounds. The only requirement to be included in the Emergency Response Plan is the epidemiological concepts of disaster response and management. The inclusion would not affect my ERP (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services O.M.H., 2021).

Pedro

References

Beinecke, R. H. (2017). Addressing the mental health needs of victims and responders to the Boston Marathon bombings. International Journal of Mental Health. 43(2)17-34. Available at Trident Online Library.

City of Bordentown. (2021, 15 February). City of Bordentown, New Jersey. Retrieved from https://cityofbordentown.com/

Malilay, J., Heumann, M., Perrotta, D., Wolkin, A. F., Schnall, A.H., Podgornik, M. N., & Simms, E. F. (2014). The role of applied epidemiology methods in the disaster management cycle. American Journal of Public Health, 104(11) 2092-2102. Available at Trident Online Library.

Township of Bordentown. (2021, Feburary 15). Office of Emergency Management. Retrieved from Nixle: https://www.bordentowntownship.com/emergency_management

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services O.M.H. (2021, February 15). MANDATORY CULTURAL COMPETENCY TRAINING LEGISLATION TIMELINE. Retrieved from Think Cultural Health: https://thinkculturalhealth.hhs.gov/clas/CLAS-Trac…

________________________________________________________________________________________

RESPONSE 1

Classmates and Professor,

A successful nation depend upon healthy people, the term Health equity focuses on the achievement of the maximum level for all people regardless of race, gender or ethnicity. Health systems are defined as the interrelated and structured role of agencies contributing to a country’s health. World Health Organization (WHO) also includes the role played by the direct health-improving activities. The global health body asserts that six building blocks tend to be correlated interdependently. The blocks include health workers, health information, health finance, service delivery, medical products, governance, and leadership.

The synergy in the health system approach is correlated with disaster management being a global concern that calls for disaster preparedness from a strengthened healthcare system; in the 64th assembly, WHO developed some measures to enhance the management of disaster capacity and national health emergency. The resolution was also meant to make the health systems resilient. The response of a health system to a disaster is based on its resilience. For instance, the issue of power outages is a factor that affects the resilience of a health system. In preparing for power outages, most hospitals have generators as back-up power that can last for up to eight hours (Phibbs et al., 2016). However, long-time power outage and running out of fuel could be a problem when transport and communication have been affected by a disaster. The health professionals are trained to ensure that the factors behind the healthcare systems’ resilience are operational.

Reference:

Phibbs, S., Kenney, C., Severinsen, C., Mitchell, J., & Hughes, R. (2016). Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(12). doi:10.3390/ijerph13121241

Respectfully,

Marshall

______________________________________

Module 1 – Background

UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF PUBLIC HEALTH PROFESSIONALS IN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE

REQUIRED READING

Association of Public Health Nurses. (2014). The role of the public health nurse in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery: A position statement. Retrieved from
https://www.naccho.org/uploads/blog/nacchoprepared…

Beinecke, R. H. (2017). Addressing the mental health needs of victims and responders to the Boston Marathon bombings. International Journal of Mental Health. 43(2)17-34. Available at Trident Online Library.

CDC. (2018). Environmental health services: Emergency and terrorism preparedness for Environmental Health Practitioners. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/ehs/etp/default.htm

DHHS (2015) Cultural and linguistic competency in disaster preparedness and response fact sheet. Retrieved from https://www.phe.gov/Preparedness/planning/abc/Page…

Malilay, J., Heumann, M., Perrotta, D., Wolkin, A. F., Schnall, A.H., Podgornik, M. N., . . . & Simms, E. F. (2014). The role of applied epidemiology methods in the disaster management cycle. American Journal of Public Health,104(11) 2092-2102. Available at Trident Online Library.

Murray, V., Aitsi-Selmi, A., & Blanchard, K. (2015). The role of public health within the United Nations post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 6(1) 28–37. Available at Trident Online Library.

Murray, V. et al. (2015). The role of public health within the United Nations post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science (6)1. Available at Trident Online Library.

Public health emergency response guide for state, local, and tribal public health directors, V2.0 (2011), CDC.gov. Retrieved from https://emergency.cdc.gov/planning/responseguide.a…

The national CLAS standards (2018). HHS.gov. Retrieved from https://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/omh/browse.aspx?lvl…

REQUIRED WEBSITES

Coronavirus Disease 2019(COVID-19). https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-up…

Medical Reserve Corps. Public Health Emergency. https://www.phe.gov/about/oem/prep/Pages/mrc.aspx

Think Cultural Health. https://thinkculturalhealth.hhs.gov/clas/clas-trac…


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