Identification (Word count: 80-90words, per answer)
Identify the following terms below. For a full and complete answer, you must Identify, Cite, and Explain (ICE) each ID as it relates to the class. That is, you must
(1) identify the concept/theme/individual (explain who or what it is);
(2) cite where you found the information (i.e., provide citation for reading, lecture, or film), and
(3) explain the significance of that concept, individual, or event, as it relates to California history; that is, why is it important to California history? Be sure to include evidence from the readings, lectures, and/or films. No outside sources. Finally, use complete sentencesno listsand check for spelling and grammatical mistakes.
The Birth of the Nation
Tanforan Assembly Center
Edmund G. Pat Brown
Free Speech Movement
Essay (Word count: 750-800 words.1000 words max.)
you will choose and answer one. A complete answer will have an essay format, an argument, specific examples that support your argument, and a conclusion showing you proved your argument.
Be sure to address the question in its entirety and to include evidence from the readings, lectures, and/or films. No outside sources.
Finally, check for spelling and grammatical mistakes.
1. For many African Americans migrating to California in the 1930s and 1940s, at the height of the Great Migrationthe Black exodus from the U.S. South, the Golden State appeared a racial paradise. With access to jobs during World War II, housing, and educational opportunities for their children, the future for African American families seemed bright. Within a few short years, however, many African Americans found themselves living in decimated inner cities, such as in Watts and Oakland. African Americans, particularly young people, did not take their situation lightly.
Drawing on course readings, lectures, guest speakers, and films, discuss at least three ways in which African American young men and women expressed their discontent with the social, economic, and political context of the 1960s and 1970s.
In your view, which approach was most effective and which was least, and why? In your response, be sure to include specific examples from readings, lectures, films, and/or guest speakers, and to cite your sources.
2. For much of the twentieth century, poor and working class African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Native Americans in California have faced structural inequality in areas of education, employment, housing, and health care, among others. In the 1940s and 1950s, these communities often used non-violent, non-confrontational means for advocating for change. In the post-war period and into the 1960s, these Californians were no longer willing to accept or live with their second class citizenship. Rather, in a direct break with the past, they used radical rhetoric and direct action to achieve self determination.
Compare and contrast the Native American takeover at Alcatraz Island, the Chicano Moratorium in East Los Angeles, and the Third World Strike in San Francisco, specifically examining their goals, methods or tactics, and outcomes or results of their actions.
In your view, was one more effective than the other or were they all the same? In your response, be sure to provide at least one specific example from each movement to make your point.
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