Hi there, i’ve this story map, that need pictures for every points
Pictures with sources for those, and the pictures should be from wilkes barre PA, and Pennsylvania state close to susquehanna river:
Coal mines in Wilkes barre: Coal mining began in Pennsylvania in the mid 1700’s when there was found to be an abundance of Anthracite in the area. There are four different Anthracite coalfields in Pennsylvania all located in the east surrounding the Susquehanna river. On January 22nd, 1959 the Knox mine disaster occurred which single-handedly killed the mining industry in the Northern Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania.
Issues with Farms – In the lower Susquehanna Basin, 36% of land use is for agriculture. Some of the most fertile land in the United States is in Lancaster county. Per day, these agriculture operations consume around 120 million gallons a day and the amounts are rising. Although these operations do not rely on the Susquehanna river basin for their water, this is still a cause for concern due to the amount of waste, herbicide and pesticide runoff that occurs from these farms. These farms are poorly located along streams and waterways so when rains come in, they wash heavy loads of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution from animal manure that eventually end up in the Susquehanna. This issue has been a focus of more than 20 years and requires a massive environmental cleanup. The excess nutrients can cause large scale algae blooms which pose a threat to the species inhabiting the river. Another issues with farms are that when farms are created, much forested land needs to be cut down. This forested land is a huge buffer for many pollutants leaching from farms and cities. Without these buffers, the condition of the Susquehanna will continue to worsen
Issues with Industry -The Susquehanna provides electricity through hydroelectric power generation and it is used by both nuclear and non-nuclear plants. The water in the Susquehanna is used in the manufacturing of many products such as paper and steel. The water is also used by food processing facilities. Due to instalments of dam operations in the Susquehanna, the water quality has severely decreased, and many species have had disrupted patterns of migrating up and down the river for spawning purposes. This becomes a big issue when certain fish species populations begin to decline, and the food chain becomes disrupted. Many factories also pollute the waterways with toxins or thermal heat. Toxins can be ingested by the fish and bioaccumulated overtime, causing birth deformities or harm to humans when one ingests the fish
Issues with Cities -Along the Susquehanna river are many towns and cities that have been there for decades. With the increasing number of people living in these areas, system such as wastewater treatment have not been revitalized. Cities such as Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania have a combined overflow system which means when it rains, both rainwater and sewage get dumped into the Susquehanna river. These excess nutrients can cause algae blooms and issues with the water quality throughout the river. Pennsylvania has more than 190 “significant” sewage treatment plants that empty into the Susquehanna’s streams and rivers. Sewage treatment plants add approximately 13 million pounds of nitrogen and 1.5 million pounds of phosphorus annually. Since many of the city’s storm water drainage leads to the Susquehanna as well, many plastic items and garbage often end up in the water ways being eaten by fish.
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