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EDL 204 Miami University The Critical Racial Theory Discussion

EDL 204 Miami University The Critical Racial Theory Discussion

Question Description

I’m trying to learn for my Writing class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

LISTEN

+ “Race in Suburban Schools” (16 minutes)

http://www.americanradioworks.org/race-in-suburban-schools/ (链接到外部网站。)

+ “Ferguson’s Untold Tragedy of School Segregation” (14 minutes)

https://www.propublica.org/podcast/item/podcast-fergusons-untold-tragedy-of-school-segregation (链接到外部网站。)

Background

On August 9, 2014, Michael Brown Jr., an 18-year-old black man, was fatally shot by 28-year-old white Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson in the city of Ferguson, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis. The shooting led to a long period of local and national public protest about racial injustice, including the expansion of the Black Lives matter Movement.

READ

READ

+ EdBuild: nonWhite School Districts {at “The State Story” section, add in “Ohio”, or your home state). https://edbuild.org/content/23-billion#OH (链接到外部网站。)

+ Richard Rothstein, “Brown v. Board at 60: Why Have We Been So Disappointed? What Have We Learned?” https://www.epi.org/publication/brown-at-60-why-have-we-been-so-disappointed-what-have-we-learned/ (链接到外部网站。)

Recommended:

+“Letter to the Editor: Why We Can’t Wait,” Miami Student July 27, 2020. (see next page on Canvas site)

+ “Nice White Parents”. A 5-part series about the 60-year relationship between white parents and the public school down the block. Each episode is about an hour long. The first episode, Episode One: The Book of Statuses, is especially good.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/23/podcasts/nice-white-parents-serial.html?gclid=CjwKCAjw4MP5BRBtEiwASfwALxp8WUQXYkta85rdTssW7Fng_Dm4UvZqveYE3fON-L8wlq-qxTvduBoCQkcQAvD_BwE&gclsrc=aw.ds (链接到外部网站。)

The Road to Brown v. Board of Education (32 minutes)

http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/the-road-to-brown-v-board.htm (链接到外部网站。)

The Aftermath of Brown v. Board of Education (33 minutes)

http://www.missedinhistory.com/podcasts/the-aftermath-of-brown-v-board.htm (链接到外部网站。)

Background

Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality – a doctrine that came to be known as “separate but equal”. Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. These laws were enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white Democratic-dominated state legislatures to disenfranchise and remove political and economic gains made by Black people during the Reconstruction period. The Jim Crow laws were enforced until 1965.

Beginning in the 1870s. Jim Crow laws and Jim Crow state constitutional provisions mandated the segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains between white and Black people. Jim Crow laws were upheld in 1896 in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, in which the U.S. Supreme Court laid out its “separate but equal” legal doctrine for facilities for African Americans. Moreover, public education had essentially been segregated since its establishment in most of the South after the Civil War in 1861–65. The U.S. military was already segregated. President Woodrow Wilson, a Southern Democrat, initiated the segregation of federal workplaces in 1913.

The legal principle of “separate but equal” racial segregation was extended to public facilities and transportation, including the coaches of interstate trains and buses. Facilities for African Americans were consistently inferior and underfunded compared to facilities for white Americans; sometimes, there were no facilities for the Black community.[4] (链接到外部网站。)[5] (链接到外部网站。) As a body of law, Jim Crow institutionalized economic, educational, and social disadvantages for African Americans living in the South.[4] (链接到外部网站。)[5] (链接到外部网站。)[6] (链接到外部网站。)

In 1954, segregation of public schools (state-sponsored) was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. In some states, it took many years to implement this decision, while the Warren Court continued to rule against the Jim Crow laws in other cases such as Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States (1964). Generally, the remaining Jim Crow laws were overruled by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.


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