In class we have had a few discussions on variable measurement types (e.g.) ordinal, nominal, interval/ratio. For this discussion, we will be examining why we choose to measure variables in certain ways.
Recidivism refers to a persons relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person receives sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime (National Institute of Justice, 2017). Recidivism is the most commonly used measure of the correctional systembut there is no singular way to measure it. The state of California is currently engaged in an important conversation about how it measures rates of recidivism.
Historically, recidivism in the state has been measured in the following ways:
- Reoffending. This is any reoffense, no matter how big or small. This could range from a high level violent offense (e.g.) assault or homicide, to a lower level public order or vice offense (e.g.) rolling a stop sign, loitering.
- Rearrest for a new offense. This is rearrest for any offense, ranging from felony offenses such as assault and robbery to low level offenses such as failure to check in with a probation/parole officer on time and traffic violations.
- Rearrest a new felony offense. This is rearrest solely for higher level offenses such fraud, theft (in some cases), robbery, and violent offenses such as assault.
- Reconviction for a new offense. This includes being rearrested for a new offense and being found guilty for that offense in a court of law.
- Reincarceration for a new offense. This includes being rearrested, reconvicted, and being resentenced to jail or prison for a new offense.
In 2-3 paragraphs (5-9 sentences each) discuss the following: What are the pros and cons of each of the measures of recidivism discussed above? What do you believe is the best or most effective way to measure recidivism? Why?
Additionally, in a few sentences, reply to at least oneother students post.
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