I’m working on a humanities discussion question and need a sample draft to help me study.
For your second DISCUSSION QUESTION, pick one of the following questions and respond.
Your responses should be around 200 words (try to avoid one or two sentence replies) and should try to give DETAILS, REASONS, ARGUMENTS, and/or SUPPORT for what you say.
Answer one (or more) of the following questions.
1. Relativism says that different cultures have different values. Are there any cultural norms that would be so wrong that relativism would be overruled? Which ones, and why?
2. In Plato’s story of the Ring of Gyges, he claims that all human beings are, at the core, inherently EGOISTIC. Is he right about this? If so, what’s the evidence? If not, what proves him wrong?
3.What’s wrong with MORAL SUBJECTIVISM? It sounds like it would be a great idea: “to each his own” but how does it fail to hold up as an ethical standard?
4. Explain how ethics is different from the social sciences: the anthropologist Ruth Benedict developed the theory of cultural relativism. But the standards of the social sciences are different from those of ethics. Explain how and why this is the case.
5. Explain how you could argue AGAINST the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (pp 40-42 in Ethical Choices, 2nd edition). How does this undercut the core ideas of cultural relativism?
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